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:: Volume 8 - ::
مجله مطالعات آموزشی نما 2016, 8 - : 30-42 Back to browse issues page
Higher Education Internationalization in European Union
Nilufar Nekuzad * , Nader Gholi Ghourchian
Researcher, Ph.D Candidate, Higher Educational Administration, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran. Email: niloufarnekozad@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3000 Views)

Background: Nowadays, the wordwide trend for becoming most competitive and the most dynamic
knowledge based economy is the responsibility of universities. The European Union is moving in this direction
for global competitiveness, the retrieval process and brain circulation and income generation. This study,
aimed to evaluate the internationalization trend of higher education in Europe.
Methods: Using a review study, available documents in the university websites of the European Union
were searched and the databases of Science Direct, Google Scholar, PubMed articles available since 1953-
2016 were examined. The key words related to the internationalization of higher education in Europe were
Results: A distinguished international higher education in Europe started and led to the emergence
of the so-called called “Bologna Process” (June 1999). Bologna process was initiated with the Sorbonne
Declaration (1998). The Bucharest Declaration (2012) focused to create spaces of higher education in the
field of national, regional and global. The main elements of the Bologna process, including the introduction of
three degrees, qualifications framework, credit transfer and saving system in Europe, Diploma complements,
quality assurance and joint documents.
Conclusion: Internationalization of higher education the will to change by the public and state likewise
plays a significant role and access to resources such as budgets, economic, social and cultural developments,
and accountability to the information and globalization era have crucial roles. Exploring the experiences of
others is as the raw materials, we can, to exploit of their community. This raw material transformation of
worthwhile products to fit their native culture.
Keywords: Higher Education, Internationalization, Bologna Process, Europe Union
Full-Text [PDF 305 kb]   (3238 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2017/05/10 | Accepted: 2017/05/10 | Published: 2017/05/10
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Nekuzad N, Gholi Ghourchian N. Higher Education Internationalization in European Union. مجله مطالعات آموزشی نما 2016; 8 :30-42
URL: http://nama.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-184-en.html

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Volume 8 - Back to browse issues page
مجله مطالعات آموزشی نما Journal of Educational Studies
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